The Dromedary Camel is a camel with one hump, most commonly found in the hot deserts of Northern Africa and the Middle East. They are thought to have been first domesticated by native people more than 5,000 years ago. These hardy animals have been vital to the survival of humans in desert areas. Camels have been and are used for transporting goods, people, and providing a source of meat, wool and milk. They are able to survive for long periods of time without food or water due to the fat that they store in their humps.